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Nt of activity states, cleavage products and metabolic intermediates will Rosiglitazone be needed to appreciate more fully the dynamic nature of the tumor microenvironment and key targets for intervention.Abbreviations CAF: Cancer-associated fibroblast; cHL: Classic hodgkin lymphoma; ECM: Extracellular matrix; EGF: Epidermal growth factor; EMT: Epithelialmesenchymal transition; ESI: Electrospray ionization; FALI: Fluorophoreassisted light inactivation; GBM: Glioblastoma multiforme; HGF: Hepatocyte growth factor; IL: Interleukin; LC-MS/MS: Combined liquid chromatography with tandem MS; MALDI: Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization; MDSC: Myeloid-derived suppressor cell; MMP: Matrix metalloproteinase; MS: Mass spectrometry; MS/MS: Tandem mass spectrometry; PSC: Pancreatic stellate cell; ROS: Reactive oxygen species; SILAC: Stable isotope labeling of amino acids in cell culture; TAF: Tumor-adjacent fibroblast; TARGIT: Targeted intraoperative radiotherapy treatment; TIF: Tissue interstitial fluid; TIMP: Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase; Treg: PubMed ID: Regulatory T cells; VEGF: Vascular endothelial growth factor. Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the members of the Hanash laboratory for their insights and comments regarding the manuscript. Author details 1 Anderson Cancer Center, Bertner Avenue, Houston, TX 77030, USA. 2Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.Conclusions The interactions between tumor cells and surrounding tissue represent a crucial area of study in the elucidation of mechanisms of cancer development, progression and metastasis, and in providing novel avenues for cancer detection and treatment. Proteomics is particularly well suited for the analysis of the microenvironment, given the host origin of numerous components of the microenvironment that lack discernible genomic alterations, and given the contribution of protein release and shedding of proteins from the surface of cancer cells that cannot be predicted strictly from genomic analysis.Published: 27 February 2014 References 1. Kumar S, Weaver VM: Mechanics, malignancy, and metastasis: the force journey of a tumor cell. Cancer Metastasis Rev 2009, 28:113?27.Hanash and Schliekelman Genome Medicine 2014, 6:12 10 of2. 7.8. 9.10.11. 20. L, Erler JT, Dembo M, Weaver VM: Mammary epithelial cell: influence of extracellular matrix composition and organization during development and tumorigenesis. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 2007, 39:1987?994. Pathak A, Kumar S: Independent regulation of tumor cell migration by matrix stiffness and confinement. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2012, 109:10334?0339. Levental KR, Yu H, Kass L, Lakins JN, Egeblad M, Erler JT, Fong SF, Csiszar K, Giaccia A, Weninger W, Yamauchi M, Gasser DL, Weaver VM: Matrix crosslinking forces tumor progression by enhancing integrin signaling. Cell 2009, 139:891?06. Zaman MH, Trapani LM, Sieminski AL, Mackellar D, Gong H, Kamm RD, Wells A, Lauffenburger DA, Matsudaira P: Migration of tumor cells in 3D matrices is governed by matrix stiffness along with cell-matrix adhesion and proteolysis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2006, 103:10889?0894. Miles FL, Sikes RA: Insidious changes in stromal matrix fuel cancer progression. Mol Cancer Res 2014. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-13-0535. Wong GS, Rustgi AK: Matricellular proteins: priming the tumour microenvi.


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